# LEfall12

**91.580.202 Learning Environments Fall 2012**

Prof. Fred Martin, click for fred's email

Tuesdays, 10:15a–12:15p, OS210A

**Learning Environments** is a reading/discussion/writing course focusing on the intersection of technology, pedagogy, and learning.

We will review learning theories of constructivism (Piaget), socio-constructivism (Vygotsky), and constructionism (Papert). Then we will read and discuss pedagogical approaches and technological supports for learning in a variety of specific domains, including mathematics, science, and computer science.

The class will be reading and discussion-oriented, with some writing assignments over the semester. A term paper will be assigned.

Here is a partial list of authors whom we will read:

- Seymour Papert (constructionism; learning with computers)
- Sherry Turkle (how things mediate thinking)
- Edith Ackermann (discussion of learning theories; kids' relationships with tangible objects; constructionism)
- Richard Lesh (learning to think mathematically)
- Wolff-Michael Roth (learning physics)
- William Sandoval; Chinn and Samarapungavan (knowing in science)
- du Boulay; Elliot Soloway; Robins, Rountree & Rountree (learning how to program)
- Ann Brown (design-based research)
- Donald Schön (“reflective practitioner”; knowing-in-action)
- Lucy Suchman
- Lave/Wenger -- Communities of Practice / Legitimate Peripheral Participation

## Assignments

- Final Paper
- Assignment 1 due Tue Oct 30

## Readings

Should be done before the meeting time listed.

### Meeting 13 - Tue Dec 4

- Keller, E. F. (1985).
*Reflections on Gender and Science.*Yale University Press. Introduction, Ch. 2, Ch. 7.

### Meeting 12 - Tue Nov 27

- Sackman, H. (1970).
*Man-Computer Problem Solving.*Auerbach Publishers Inc. Ch 1–3.

### Meeting 11 - Tue Nov 20

- Weinberg, G. (1971).
*The Psychology of Computer Programming.*Van Nostrand Reinhold Co. Ch 1–4.

### Meeting 10 - Tue Nov 13

- Morgan, C. (2006). “What does social semiotics have to offer mathematics education research?”,
*Educational Studies in Mathematics*, Vol. 61, No. 1/2, Semiotic Perspectives in Mathematics Education: A PME Special Issue (2006), pp. 219-245, Springer. http://www.jstor.org/stable/25472066

### Meeting 9 - Tue Nov 6

- Dijkstra, E. (1988). “On the cruelty of really teaching computer science.” http://www.cs.utexas.edu/~EWD/ewd10xx/EWD1036.PDF
- Papert, S. (1980).
*Mindstorms: Children, computers, and powerful ideas.*Basic Books. http://www.arvindguptatoys.com/arvindgupta/mindstorms.pdf

### Meeting 8 – Tue Oct 30

- Robins, A., Rountree, J., & Rountree, N. (2003) “Learning and Teaching Programming: A Review and Discussion,”
*Computer Science Education*,**13**(2), pp. 137–172.

### Meeting 7 – Tue Oct 23

- Scott Jaschik, “Casualty of the Math Wars,” Inside Higher Ed, October 15, 2012, http://www.insidehighered.com/news/2012/10/15/stanford-professor-goes-public-attacks-over-her-math-education-research
- Jo Boaler (1998). “Open and closed mathematics: Student experiences and understandings,”
*Journal for Research in Mathematics Education*,**29**(1), pp. 42–62, http://www.jstor.org/stable/10.2307/749717.

### Meeting 6 – Tue Oct 16

- Wolff-Michael Roth (2006).
*Learning Science: A Singular Plural Perspective.*Chapter 2, “Aporias of Order Production.”

### Meeting 5 – Tue Oct 9

- Wolff-Michael Roth (2006).
*Learning Science: A Singular Plural Perspective.*Preface, Introduction, and Chapter 1, “Aporias of Perception in Science.”

### Meeting 4 – Tue Oct 2

- Richard Lesh and Helen M. Doerr (eds.) (2003).
*Beyond Constructivism: Models and Modeling Perspectives on Mathematics Problem Solving, Learning, and Teaching.*Chapter 2, “Model development sequences” (Lesh, Cramer, Doerr, Post, and Zawojewski), p. 35–58.

### Meeting 3 – Tue Sep 26

- Richard Lesh and Helen M. Doerr (eds.) (2003).
*Beyond Constructivism: Models and Modeling Perspectives on Mathematics Problem Solving, Learning, and Teaching.*Chapter 1, “Foundations of a models and modeling perspective on mathematics teaching, learning, and problem solving” (Lesh and Doerr), p. 3–33.

### Meeting 2 – Tue Sep 19

- Lucy Suchman (1987).
*Plans and situated actions: The problem of human-machine communication.*Cambridge University Press. Chapter 4, Situated Actions (pp. 49–67). - Lucy Suchman (1995). Making work visible.
*Commun. ACM***38**, 9 (September 1995), pp. 56–64. http://dl.acm.org/citation.cfm?id=223263.

### Meeting 1 – Tue Sep 11

- Edith Ackermann,
*Piaget’s Constructivism, Papert’s Constructionism: What’s the difference?*, http://learning.media.mit.edu/content/publications/EA.Piaget%20_%20Papert.pdf - Seymour Papert and Sherry Turkle,
*Epistemological Pluralism*, http://web.mit.edu/sturkle/www/pdfsforstwebpage/ST_Epistemo%20Pluralism.pdf